Average Maintenance Costs for Different Sized UK Housing

It costs about £9,000 a year to maintain property in the UK, including minor repairs, mortgage costs, telephone and internet, insurance, council tax and public area maintenance charges.

Property taxes

While there is no universal property tax in the UK, homeowners must pay council tax which goes towards police services, local authorities and street cleaning. The amount varies by region and property value from £200 to £2,500 per year.

Leasehold owners pay ground rent of £150–500 per year on average but it can reach £5,000.

Companies owning property worth £2 million or more are subject to the Annual Residential Property Tax (ARPT) that varies from £15,000 to £140,000. Moreover, foreign legal entities pay Capital Gains Tax (CGT) of 28% on property over £2 million.


Standard property insurance in the UK costs £150-600 a year. For instance, it will cost £540 a year to insure an apartment of £1 million with owner’s possessions worth £75,000 and jewellery that cost £25,000.

Management company fees

There are property management companies that can manage homes for owners who do not reside permanently in the UK. They pay utility bills and taxes, lease the property, maintain security around the premises whilst doing the occasional repairs. The cost will depend on the scope of work. For instance, a management company leasing the property charges 12–15% of rent income per year. If the property is not leased, the management fee will be 4–7% of the estimated annual rent.

Leasehold owners also pay the management company’s fee for maintenance and repairs that can reach £4,000–5,000 in Central London for a house with a swimming pool, gym, lift and concierge service.

Utility bills

Utility bills depend on consumption and houses are equipped with electricity, water and gas meters. Utilities in London cost £1,700 per year in average.

For a one- or two-bedroom apartments water can cost up to £250–300 per year, two-bedroom house up to £350–400 per year and a three- to six-bedroom apartment from £500–800.

Electricity costs £500–1,500 per year depending on the size of the home: £500–600 for a one- or two-bedroom apartment and £600–900 for a three- or four-bedroom house. Electricity in the North of the UK is more expensive than in the South and is the cheapest in Wales (£257 per year on average). The most expensive areas are on the islands around Scotland’s coasts (£419 per year on average).

Many houses and apartments have gas fireplaces and heating one room costs £140-400 per year. The rural North uses more often electric heating whereas Southern cities favour gas heating. It’s cheapest in East Anglia (£242 per year on average for one room) and most expensive in the North West (£290). A one- or two-bedroom apartment might pay £300-600 a year for gas and £600-1,000 for a three- or four-bedroom house.


Minor repairs cost about £700 per year whereas major renovations can reach £20,000 for a three-bedroom house. For instance, it costs about £6,000 to install a heating system (unless you can qualify for a Government Grant), £4,000 to do the plastering and £2,000 to fit the electric wiring.

over 1 year, %
Maintenance and repairs1,716−0.4
Electricity, gas1,727+4.2
Home appliances1,218−0.6
Home and garden
tools and equipment
Materials and services for
current repairs
Telephone costs1,354+3.3
Household chemicals1,163+0.0
Council tax1,384+0.4
over 1 year, %
North East England18,161+3.1
North West England19,020+3.0
Yorkshire and Humber18,499+3.1
East Midlands19,154+2.0
West Midlands18,779+3.0
East Anglia10,397+2.5
Greater London12,094+2.0
South East England10,979+2.4
South West England19,341+3.0
Northern Ireland17,970+4.8

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